The Goodness Of Garden Eggs
Botanically known as Solanum melongena, of the Solanaceae family and locally called Igba among the Yoruba of Southwest Nigeria, Anyara among the Igbo of Southeast Nigeria and lambu kwai among the Hausa of Northern Nigeria, the garden egg remains a delight for researchers as the effects of garden egg are not only nutritional but significantly of health benefits as the tree that bears them.
This fruit can be eaten either raw or cooked as sauce (garden egg sauce and a great relationship exists between this sauce and yam or boiled plantain).
It comes in two variants especially the African garden egg fruit. One is green in colour and the other is cream-coloured
The cream-colour flesh has a pleasantly bitter taste (due to the presence of small amounts of nicotinoid alkaloids) and spongy consistency.
The Goodness of Garden Egg
- A good source of dietary fiber : this posits that it is a good fruit to help deal with constipation
- High in potassium, a necessary salt that helps in maintaining the function of the heart and regulate blood pressure
- Studies show that it might be of help to glaucoma patients
- Natural source of B vitamins like thiamin, niacin, B6 and pantothenic acid
- It helps reduce cholesterol
- Improves digestive system : due to it’s fiber content
- High in folate, manganese, Vitamin K, magnesium, vitamin C & copper
- A source of nasunin ( a powerful and rare antioxidant for the brain
They are rich in thiamin (vitamin B1) required for normal growth and proper functioning of the heart and Nervous system, Niacin (vitamin B6) needed for cellular respiration.
16. Studies have it that it possesses ulcer protective properties against ulcers induced experimentally, making it a cheap source of natural anti-ulcer remedy.
- Good amount of phenolic acid, anthocyanins and flavonoids : these antioxidants help protect the body from health risks like aging, inflammations, and neurological diseases
It is important to note here that the leaves are also consumed and is a great delicacy amongst the people of eastern Nigeria. I love the taste especially when served with pounded yam and some orisirisi
It is currently in season and I had one yesterday. Go get yours.
P.S : it is known as eggplant by the Americans and Aubergine by the Britons. Although aubergines are darker in color.